The instruments for investigation

Security Criminology-Risk Investigation success depends on critical thinking the narrative and the level of situational awareness of the decision-makers (users) and their reaction speed

The technology is only as good as the user!

The landscape

To comprehend or investigate the project one must be intimately aware of what they see and hear besides the way they think.

An incident could occur where the technology can alert the user or the investigator can purposely place technology to be informed of something moving or happening besides someone doing something in particular that could build a case.

The issues is that there are millions of criminals daily trying to out-think and outsmart the security system (technology and manpower). This means that unique crime that has not been seen before could occur, or a person that is not educating themselves may not spot the clues. The biggest nightmare is not knowing what is truly happening on the ground which is termed ‘The X factor’.


Need to know for relevancy

When the user has insufficient knowledge (information) or specific skills then they will not be able to comprehend what they need to be looking for and how to litigate issues.

When the practitioners do not now the various methods used by perpetrators then they are unaware of issues that are taking place that could lead to life impacting or deadly outcomes besides businesses being partially hijacked or destroyed because of reputational damage.

To find the clues and the pattern, one must identify and comprehend the crime on/in a location or field of interest, the researcher/investigator must know the cultural of crime and methods of crime to select the instruments best suited. The practitioners need to read the situation and the people involved.



A founding researcher Flavell (1976,1979) suggests for critical thinking (think out of the box), that the person must be self-aware and regulate themselves (you are the hypothesis) in social settings. By adding Situational Awareness to see the complete narrative and being of fully conscious by taking into consideration that unknown and known issues could impact the complete picture (Ensley 1995).

Furthermore, the easiest and most effective to prime Critical Thinking in and out-the-box is to learn by simply self-training soft skills such as lie, deception detection and critical situational interviewing regardless of culture, to identify a person-of- interest or to spot people working in concert and why they are doing such (Kirsten 2018,2019). In this way, the thinking method instinctively follows a pattern of thought that is required to out-think and outsmart the perpetrators which every security practitioner needs to do.

The outcomes of using the instruments, and critical thinking methodology included in the soft skills will uncover new crime and discover copycat crime. The research base for all and guidance articles on where how and to use such can be found in the cited work.

The Cited Work can be found in;

Human Investigation Management. Kirsten, J. (2018). Critical Thinking the X Factor in Criminology, Security and Risk (Vol 3). ISBN 978-0-620-81265-8. Kirsten, J. (2019). Security and Criminology Investigation Management (Vol4). ISBN 978-0-6399974-0-7. Critical Thinking the instruments for PSIM (Physical Security Investigation Management ©).

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